Hygeia journal for drugs and medicines


Studies on the antioxidant activity of Costus igneus leaf extract

Hygeia.J.D.Med 2018; 10(1):9-15 
DOI: 10.15254/H.J.D.Med.10.2018.173.

Nimmy Chacko*1, CS Shastry2, Prerana Shetty3

1,2: Department of Pharmacology, 3: Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Nitte Gulabi Shetty Memorial Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Mangalore, 575 018, India.

Plan: The antioxidant activity studies of the extract of Costus igneus leaves
Preface: Costus igneus commonly known as fiery costus or Spiral flag is a species of herbaceous plant. It is claimed to help build up insulin in the human body and is sometimes referred to as insulin plant. Insulin plant Costus igneus (Fam: Zingiberaceae) is a tropical evergreen shrub with large, smooth, dark green leaves. The Costus igneus is valued mainly for its tonic, stimulant, and antiseptic properties. It is said to be aphrodisiac and to be able to prevent the hair from turning grey. Its root is anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic and vermifuge.
Methodology:  In the present study the antioxidant activity of the leaf extract was studied using four methods viz. DPPH assay, reducing power assay, superoxide radical scavenging assay, and Folin-ciocalteu assay.
Outcome: The studies have proved that extract possesses antioxidant activity. In reducing power assay, the plant extract showed 75.43 % increase in reducing power compared to Ascorbic acid which showed 91.94%, at a concentration of 16µg/ml. In DPPH assay, plant extract produced 71.85% DPPH scavenging activity, compared to Ascorbic acid which produced 84.47% at a concentration of 160µg/ml. In superoxide scavenging activity, the plant extract produced 68.19% radical scavenging activity compared to the standard which showed 79.78% at a concentration of 800µg/ml. The IC50 was found to be177 and 367 µg/ ml of the standard and plant extract respectively.
Keywords:  Costus igneus, Radical scavenging activity, phenol content


Nimmy Chacko, M.Pharm, Ph.D 
Department of Pharmacology, 
Nitte Gulabi Shetty Memorial Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 
Nitte Deemed to be University, 

Mangalore, 575 018, India. 
Rid: H-5329-2018    
email: nimmy.bethel@gmail.com

Article History 

Received: 27 December 2017,   
Revised:  12 March 2018
Accepted: 25 March 2018, 
Available online: 15 September 2018

Article citation

Nimmy Chacko, CS Shastry, Prerana Shetty. Studies on the Antioxidant Activity of Costus igneus Leaf extract. Hygeia.J.D.Med 2018; 10(1):9-15.Available from http://www.hygeiajournal.com, DOI: 10.15254/H.J.D.Med.10.2018.173.

      Costus igneus plant


  • watch Video
    Collagen Mimetic Peptides
  • watch Video
    Mechanisms and secrets of Alzheimer's disease...
  • watch Video
    Immunotherapy to fight cancer
  • watch Video
    Food Safety Emergency Prevention
  • watch Video
    Tiny worm-like robot could deliver medicine inside body
  • watch Video
    This smart pill could crawl through your body to deliver its medicine
  • watch Video
    Introduction To Nanorobotics: A conversation