Hygeia journal for drugs and medicines


Pharmacognostical Standardization of Aerial Parts of Rosmarinus Officinalis Var. Albus

Hygeia.J.D.Med. 2016; 8 (2):29-44


AsiaBegum1, Syed Shaffath Ali2, Ranjith D3, VinodK.R4, Sandhya S*5


1.     Departmentof Pharmacognosy, Nalanda College of Pharmacy,Cherlapally,Hyderabad Main Road,Nalgonda
2.     Departmentof Pharmacology, Vathsalya College of Pharmacy, Bhongir, Nalgonda, AndhraPradesh, India.
3.     Departmentof Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of veterinary and AnimalSciences, Pookode, Wayanad-673576, Kerala,India.
4.     SanjoCollege of Pharmaceutical Studies, Chithali, Kyzhalmannam, Palakkad, Kerala,India.
5.     Departmentof Pharmacognosy, St James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chalakkudi,Kerala, India.



Received: 23 July 2016,
Revised: 21 September 2016
Accepted: 12 October 2016,
Available online: 30 November 2016


Plan: Rosmarinus officinalis Albus is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant,evergreen, needle-like leaves and white flowers grown in many partsof the world. It is widely used in the treatment of genitourinary conditions, liver diseases and scalp treatment.

Preface: The present study was performed to highlight the micro-anatomical, physiochemical and phytochemical aspects of the plant.

Methodology: The microscopical studies of leaf and stem were carried out separately. The chemo-microscopical studies were done using different staining reagents. Thin layer chromatographic analysis was carried out for the methanolic extract and compared with the standard rutin, quercetin and gallic acid.

Outcome: The anatomy of the leaf, stemshowed abundant number of branched covering trichomes, collapsed covering trichomes, Stellate, multi cellular covering trichomes and fibres in leaf. Scalariform xylem vessels, pitted fibres were observed in stem. Fluorescence analysis showed wide range of fluorescence colours. Water soluble extractive values were found to be high which shows that most of the phyto-constituents may be polar soluble. The preliminary phytochemical chemical tests showed the presence ofvolatile oil, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, phenolic compounds, steroidsamino acids and proteins.

Key words: Rosmarinus officinalis Albus, Scalariform xylem vessels, Volatile oil, Flavonoids.


Article citation

Asia Begum, Syed Shaffath Ali, RanjithD, Vinod K.R, Sandhya S*. Pharmacognostical Standardization of Aerial Parts of Rosmarinus Officinalis Var. Albus. . Hygeia.J.D.Med. 2016; 8 (2):29-44. Available from http://www.hygeiajournal.com.  Article ID-Hygeia.J.D.Med/159/16DOI10.15254/H.J.D.Med.8.2016.159.


Corresponding author email sanpharm@gmail.com
Hygeia.J.D.Med. Vol.8 (2), November2016 © All rights reserved

Hygeia journal for drugs andmedicines, 2229 3590
Rid: C-3691-2012


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